Research

Research

Max Vogel Research

Max has been fascinated with the sciences since he was a young boy.  Back in 2012, Max formed "Max Vogel Research", an independent group which researches human environmental impacts.  His group specializes in designing and implementing scientific investigation relating to the prevention of our future impacts on the environment.

Recent Projects

Can a Golf Course Riparian Buffer Zone Reduce Fertilizer, Pesticide and Sediment Runoff into the Brown’s Creek Watershed? Year One - Phase I

Best practices for a golf course should include water quality management. Yet PGRs (pesticides, fungicides and fertilizers) are applied to golf courses at higher frequencies and concentrations than even farmland. This PGR contamination has become a major environmental concern. Environmentalist and conservation scientists fear that pervasive runoff caused by extensive fertilizer and pesticides use can damage lakes, streams and watersheds. Impacting biodiversity and damage drinking water sources for humans.

In 2006, golf courses nation-wide applied a total of 101,096 tons of nitrogen to a total of 311,000 acres, or nearly 154 pounds of nitrogen per acre. Similarly, 36,810 tons of phosphate were applied to 1,131,000 acres, amounting to approximately 65 pounds of phosphate per acre. Finally, 99,005 tons of potash were applied to 1,260,000 acres, totaling to nearly 157 pounds of potash per acre.

Got Gas v2: A Follow-up Investigation into the Efficiency of Ethanol

The world is desperately in need of a renewable and green energy fuel for automobiles. For ethanol to be a viable energy source either as a fuel additive to gasoline or as the primary fuel in internal combustion engines in the future, it needs to be extremely efficient. Literature is starting to identify many downsides to ethanol, including its controversial negative net energy values, high water consumption, world hunger-related issues, and whether it is truly a green non-polluting fuel.

While GGv1’s results were very conclusive, they did not match actual, real-life road performance tests, or correlate well with other scientific studies. Actual road tests of fuels with ethanol additives do not support GGv1’s results. The results were also questioned by Dr. Kittelson, the director of the University of Minnesota’s Murphy Engine Research Lab, in a post-hock analysis of the investigation’s data.