Max Vogel Research

Max has been fascinated with the sciences since he was a young boy.  Back in 2012, Max formed "Max Vogel Research", an independent group which researches human environmental impacts.  His group specializes in designing and implementing scientific investigation relating to the prevention of our future impacts on the environment.

Most Recent Project

Can a Golf Course Riparian Buffer Zone Reduce Fertilizer, Pesticide and Sediment Runoff into the Brown’s Creek Watershed? Year One - Phase I

Best practices for a golf course should include water quality management (19). Yet PGRs (pesticides, fungicides and fertilizers) are applied to golf courses at higher frequencies and concentrations than even farmland (30). This PGR contamination has become a major environmental concern. Environmentalist and conservation scientists fear that pervasive runoff caused by extensive fertilizer and pesticides use can damage lakes, streams and watersheds. Impacting biodiversity and damage drinking water sources for humans.

In 2006, golf courses nation-wide applied a total of 101,096 tons of nitrogen to a total of 311,000 acres, or nearly 154 pounds of nitrogen per acre. Similarly, 36,810 tons of phosphate were applied to 1,131,000 acres, amounting to approximately 65 pounds of phosphate per acre. Finally, 99,005 tons of potash were applied to 1,260,000 acres, totaling to nearly 157 pounds of potash per acre (31).